Global industrial use of grains, mainly for making ethanol, is expected to increase 3.3% in 2016-17, continuing an upward trend that began early this century. The International Grains Council, in estimating industrial use by both grains and country, placed prospective use this crop year at 339.9 million tonnes, compared with 329.1 million in the prior season. In 2014-15, global industrial grain use reached 325.5 million. It was in 2012-13 that use first exceeded 300 million tonnes. Ethanol manufacture again was the major driving force in industrial use of grains. It was forecast to account for 181.9 million in 2016-17, against 175.9 million in the preceding year and 173.9 in 2014-15. Biofuels as a part of ethanol use continued to be a powerful factor with a total in 2016-17 at 164.3 million tonnes.